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Brains Super Speciality Hospital

Dr. Ashwith Shetty,

ER Physician, Brains Super Speciality Hospital.


Ancient Beginnings and Military Influence

The origins of trauma care can be traced back to ancient civilizations, where basic wound care and supportive measures were provided to the injured. Military conflicts played a crucial role in driving innovations in trauma care, as battlefield injuries necessitated rapid and effective medical interventions. Throughout history, military surgeons and medics have pioneered surgical techniques, developed new treatments, and organized medical services to care for wounded soldiers.

Delivering immediate Aid to the injured

In medicine, it is called the ‘GOLDEN HOUR’-getting the trauma patient to definitive care within an hour of the injury for the best chance of survival before shock causes damage to organs. But some injured people don’t have an hour: for instance, for those who are bleeding heavily may have just minutes to live unless the bleeding is slowed or stopped.

The Emergence of Hospitals

The concept of hospitals as institutions for medical care began to take shape in ancient times, with early examples found in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. However, these early hospitals primarily focused on caring for the sick, with limited specialization in trauma care. It wasn’t until the advent of modern surgery in the 19th century, coupled with advancements in anaesthesia and antiseptic techniques, that hospitals began to provide more specialized care for traumatic injuries.

The Birth of Trauma Centers

In 1966, landmark report by National Academy of Sciences “Accidental Death and Disability; The Neglected Disease of Modern Society” described traumatic injury as a national epidemic. This report was a turning point for Trauma. The establishment of trauma centres in the mid- 20th century marked a pivotal moment in the history of trauma care services. These specialized facilities were equipped with advanced medical technology, dedicated trauma teams, and specialized resources to provide comprehensive care to the most severely injured patients. The first trauma center in the United States, founded in 1966 at the University of Maryland Medical Center in Baltimore, set the stage for the development of trauma systems that would revolutionize trauma care delivery.

Advancements in Emergency Medical Services (EMS)

The development of organized EMS systems played a critical role in improving the prehospital care of trauma patients. Ambulances, paramedic services, and rapid transport protocols became essential components of trauma systems, ensuring that patients received timely and appropriate care from the scene of the injury to the hospital. The integration of EMS with trauma centers and other healthcare facilities further enhanced the coordination and efficiency of trauma care delivery.

Technological Innovations

Advances in medical technology have transformed the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic injuries. Imaging techniques such as CT scans and MRI revolutionized the evaluation of trauma patients, allowing for rapid and accurate assessment of injuries. Surgical innovations, including minimally invasive procedures and advanced instrumentation, have improved surgical outcomes and reduced patient morbidity and mortality. Additionally, critical care monitoring and support systems have enhanced the management of severely injured patients in intensive care units (ICUs).

Evidence-Based Practices and Education

The adoption of evidence-based guidelines and protocols has standardized trauma care practices, ensuring that patients receive optimal treatment based on the latest scientific evidence. Education and training programs for healthcare professionals involved in trauma care have become more rigorous and specialized, equipping providers with the knowledge and skills necessary to deliver quality care. Simulation training, interdisciplinary collaborations, and on-going research efforts continue to drive innovation and improvement in trauma care services.


The history of trauma care services in hospitals is a testament to human innovation, collaboration, and the relentless pursuit of excellence in patient care. From ancient civilizations to modern healthcare systems, the evolution of trauma care reflects a journey of continuous improvement driven by advancements in medical science, technology, and the organization of healthcare delivery. As we look to the future, the legacy of those who have dedicated their lives to saving and improving the lives of trauma patients serves as inspiration to continue pushing the boundaries of what is possible in the field of trauma care.