Lack of sleep is called insomnia. If pathological, insomnia can lead to chronic sleep deprivation heightening the risk of hypertension, diabetes, stroke, epilepsy and behavioural disorders. The condition is characterized by loss in attentiveness and a tendency to slip into short bouts of sleep during daytime, which affects productivity and even serious accidents. It also leads to changes in appetite, body metabolism and personality. Gradually, a combination of all these factors may lead to depression.
What is the treatment for lack of sleep?
At the outset it is important to understand the type of sleep disturbance. Snoring is a telltale sign of sleep disorders caused by obstructive airway disease. It leads to obesity and multiple system problems. Once identified, the cause can be treated and the disorder cured. In other conditions we need to investigate for secondary causes. There are several drugs that can be used for inducing natural sleep based on the cause and the severity. Relaxation techniques and psychological counseling are known to be effective as well. Change your lifestyle, take some medicines if you have to, slip into a congenial environment, relax and slip into deep sleep!
Tips to improve sleep
Maintain good physical health and sleep hygiene, which comprises regular timings, diet and proper exercise. A good walk, bath and a glass of hot milk before going to bed facilitate sound sleep. Stay away from binging, smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol if you want to sleep well. Also, don’t take your worries to the bed.
Minimum hours of sleep required
Sleep requirement vary according to the age. Children need to sleep more than adults. Infants normally sleep 10 hours. As they grow older eight hours is sufficient. For an adult a minimum of six hours of sleep is essential. Physiologically darkness at night stimulates melatonin in the brain, which induces normal sleep. However, in brightly lit modern urban-scapes such an environment is not easy to find. Shift duties cause disturbances initially but soon the body gets adjusted to the new rhythms. However, it is mandatory to sleep for 6-8 hours when you are off to work .